Skip Navigation Links
 



                     


 



   
    Learn More     Subscribe    
Join Now!      Login
 
 
 
FREE HEALTH
NEWSLETTER
 
 
Breathing Quiz
Which of the following health conditions is not directly benefited by breathing exercises?
 
 
 
 
H
ealthy News Service: How to Ensure Americans Are Informed of Their Right to Reject Routine HIV Screening
 


How to Ensure Americans Are Informed of Their Right to Reject Routine HIV Screening

by Institute for Health Freedom - 11/3/2006

Back to Healthy News

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently recommended making HIV testing a routine part of medical care for adolescents and adults.  The new guidelines call for HIV screening of all patients aged 13 to 64 and all pregnant women—not just those at high risk—in all health-care settings.  CDC previously recommended screening only for people at high risk and in settings with an HIV prevalence above 1 percent.  “The [new] recommendation, if fully implemented, could mean testing for 100 to 200 million Americans, said Ron Spair, chief financial officer of Pennsylvania-based OraSure Technologies, one of three companies that sell rapid-result HIV tests in the United States,” the Associated Press reported.

CDC’s revised recommendations stress that HIV screening should be voluntary. However, unless the ethic of written, informed consent is upheld in all health-care settings, there are no assurances that patients will be fully aware of their right to reject the screening.  Citizens and state and federal policymakers should carefully monitor HIV and other medical-diagnostic laws and policies to ensure that written, informed consent is obtained from individuals before any medical testing is performed.

The CDC’s report “Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings” stresses that “Patients should be informed orally or in writing that HIV testing will be performed unless they decline (opt-out screening). [Emphasis added.] Oral or written information should include an explanation of HIV infection and the meanings of positive and negative test results, and the patient should be offered an opportunity to ask questions and to decline testing. With such notification, consent for HIV screening should be incorporated into the patient’s general informed consent for medical care on the same basis as are other screening or diagnostic tests; a separate consent form for HIV testing is not recommended…. If a patient declines an HIV test, this decision should be documented in the medical record.”

The recommendation that patients can be informed orally increases the likelihood that overworked health-care providers could neglect to fully inform all patients that they are being tested for HIV.  That is why written, informed consent should be obtained from all patients, including pregnant women, explaining clearly that 1) HIV testing is recommended as a routine medical test and 2) individuals are free to decline without penalty.  This is especially important for patients who lack a full understanding of their legal rights regarding health-care matters.

Sources: 

Add your comment      
Provided by Institute for Health Freedom on 11/3/2006

 
Share   Facebook   Buzz   Delicious   Digg   Twitter  
 
 
 
 
 
 
From Our Sponsor
 
 
 
 
 
 
Featured Events
Wellness Inventory Certification Training - Level I
     February 18-May 20, 2014
     Los Angeles, CA USA
 
Additional Calendar Links
 
Wellness, Feeling, dimension!

Search   
Home       Wellness       Health A-Z       Alternative Therapies       Find a Practitioner       Healthy Products       Bookstore       Wellness Inventory
Healthy Kitchen       Healthy Woman       Healthy Man       Healthy Child       Healthy Aging       Wellness Center       Nutrition Center       Fitness Center
Free Newsletter      What Doctor's Don't Tell You      Stevia.com      Discount Lab Tests      First Aid      Global Health Calendar      Privacy Policy     Contact Us

Disclaimer: The information provided on HealthWorld Online is for educational purposes only and IS NOT intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.