Imagine having a health evaluation and several weeks later being
"quizzed" on which medical diagnoses and risk factors your doctor
explained. How many will you correctly recall? If you are like the
majority of patients, probably less than half.
A new study from the Mayo Clinic found that patients frequently forget
what their doctors tell them. Following a general medical evaluation,
566 patients received advice from their doctor about health problems
and cardiac risk factors that were uncovered in the examination. When
these patients were asked several weeks later at home, they did not
remember 68% of the health problems discussed by their doctor,
including 54% of the most important diagnoses-colorectal polyps,
obesity, hypothyroidism, osteoarthritis, and tobacco abuse.
Fortunately, patients were most likely to recall a new diagnosis of a
major health problem.
The reasons for the "disconnect" between what physicians say and what patients hear and remember:
Both patients and physicians need to take action to improve this
communication. Patients must become more involved in decisions,
especially the important aspect of defining their problems. Physicians
can provide, and patients can request, written lists or summaries of
major diagnoses and problems. Patients can make notes and at the end
of the visit clarify their understanding of what action steps they and
the physician will take. Good communication, a vital ingredient for a
healthy doctor-patient partnership, requires effort.
- Doctors do a poor job of explaining and use medical terms patients don't understand.
- Patients experience information overload.
- Patients listen "selectively," screening out certain information.
- Patients experience "denial" of certain problems such as smoking and obesity.
- Patients' perception of the seriousness of a health problem may differ from that of their physicians.
Rx: Be Clear on Diagnoses and Follow-up Plans
Repeat these four key points to your doctor at the end of your visit.
1.The diagnosis, the nature and cause of your symptoms or what might be causing your symptoms and the prognosis, the expected duration, course, and outcome of the condition
2. Treatment recommendations and instructions
3. The follow-up plan - Should you return for a visit? If so, when and why? Should you phone for test results? Are there any danger signs you should watch for and report back to your physician?
4. What actions you are going to take? - This confirms that you clearly understand the most important information. Repeating also gives the doctor a chance to correct any misunderstanding. If you don't understand or remember something the physician said, admit that you need to go over it again. You might say, for example, "I'm pretty sure you told me this before, but I'm not sure I understand."
For More Information:
Scheitel SM et al: Patient-physician agreement about medical diagnoses and cardiovascular risk factors in the ambulatory general medical exam. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 1996;71:1131-7.
Excerpted with permission from the Quarterly Newsletter, Mind/Body Health Newsletter. For subscription information call 1-(800)-222-4745 or visit the Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge website.