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Walking Quiz
Which of the following in NOT a direct benefit of a regular walking regimen?
eeping Fit

Should Golfers Do Strength Exercise?

© Wayne L. Westcott PhD

The following is one in an ongoing series of columns entitled Keeping Fit by Wayne L. Westcott PhD. View all columns in series

A comparative group of five golfers were tested with the training group, but did not participate in the exercise program. As shown in Table 2, the control subjects did not increase their club head speed nor significantly improve any of their fitness assessments.

Table 2. Changes in club head speed and selected fitness measures for the control subjects (N = 5).

Variable Before After Change % Change

Club Head Speed (mph) 93.2 93.0 -0.2 0%
Bodyweight (lbs.) 166.5 167.0 +0.5 0%
Percent Fat (%) 19.5 19.6 +0.1 0%
Fat Weight (lbs.) 32.1 32.6 +0.5 +1%
Lean Weight (lbs.) 134.3 134.4 +0.1 0%
Muscle Strength (lbs.) not assessed in control subjects
Shoulder Abduction (Deg.) 175.8 175.8 +3.0 +2%
Hip Flexion (Deg.) 95.2 99.0 +3.8 +4%
Hip Extension (Deg.) 22.6 26.2 +3.6 +16 %
Systolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 129.6 123.4 -6.2 -5%
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mm Hg) 81.2 78.2 -3.0 -3%

(None of the control group changes were statistically significant at p<.01)

Study Implications
The results of this study reveal that golfers may benefit in many ways from a simple program of strength and flexibility exercise. The 40-minute training session consisting of 15 Nautilus exercises and 6 StretchMate stretches produced greater strength, greater flexibility, and greater driving power. This makes perfect sense when we consider the power formula. Performance power equals movement force times movement distance divided by movement time. Additional strength increases the movement force and additional flexibility increases the movement distance, both of which improve performance power.

Performance Power = Movement Force X Movement Distance

Movement Time
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About The Author
Wayne L. Westcott, Ph.D., is fitness research director at the South Shore YMCA in Quincy, MA. He is strength training consultant for numerous national organizations, such as the American Council on Exercise, the American Senior Fitness Association, and the National Youth Sports Safety Foundation, and editorial advisor for many publications, including Prevention, Shape, and......more
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