Join Now!      Login

Whole Person Wellness Program
 
healthy.net Wellness Model
Skip Navigation Links
 
 
FREE NEWSLETTER
   
   
   
 
Health Centers
Key Services
 
Medicial Mistakes?
How many people each year suffer some type of preventable harm that contributes to their death after a hospital visit?
from 46,000 to 78,000
from 78,000 to 132,000
from 132,000 to 210,000
from 210,000 to 440,000

 
 
 Medical Self-Care: Pneumonia 
 
Despite medical advances, including the use of antibiotics, pneumonia is still the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

Pneumonia can develop when the lungs are infected by either bacteria, viruses, fungi, or toxins, causing inflammation. Certain people are at a greater risk for pneumonia than others. They include:

  • Elderly people, because the body's ability to fight off disease diminishes with age.
  • People who are hospitalized for other conditions.
  • Individuals with a suppressed cough reflex following a stroke.
  • Smokers, because tobacco smoke paralyzes the tiny hairs that otherwise help to expel germ-ridden mucus from the lungs.
  • People who suffer from malnutrition, alcoholism, or viral infections.
  • Anyone with a recent respiratory viral infection.
  • People with emphysema or chronic bronchitis.
  • People with sickle cell anemia.
  • Cancer patients undergoing radiation treatments or chemotherapy, both of which wear down the immune system.
  • People with AIDS - HIV (acquired immune deficiency syndrome-human immune deficiency virus).


Signs and Symptoms
Pneumonia symptoms include:
  • Chest pain (may worsen when inhaling).
  • Fever and chills.
  • Coughing with little or no sputum or sometimes with bloody, dark yellow or rust-colored sputum.
  • Difficulty in breathing, rapid breathing.
  • General fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting.
  • Bluish lips and fingertips.

Treatment, Care and Prevention
Treatment for pneumonia will depend on its type (viral, bacterial or chemical, for example) and location. X-rays and sputum analysis and blood tests can help identify these. Treatment includes:

  • Getting plenty of bed rest.
  • Using a cool mist humidifier in the room or rooms in which you spend most of your time.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids.
  • Taking acetaminophen to relieve minor discomfort and reduce fever.
  • Taking any medications your doctor prescribes. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial pneumonia or to fight a secondary bacterial infection. Antiviral medications if indicated.
  • Nose drops, sprays or oral decongestants to treat congestion in the upper respiratory tract.
  • Cough medicines as needed, a cough suppressant for a dry, non-productive cough, an expectorant type for a mucus producing cough.
  • Removing fluid from the lungs by suction, anti-inflammatory medications, and oxygen therapy may be used for chemically induced pneumonias.
  • Also, vaccines against influenza and pneumonococcus (pneumonia bacteria) are available. They are recommended for persons aged 65 and older and for some persons younger than 65 who have certain medical conditions. Ask your doctor about them. (See Immunizations Schedule on page 18).

Healthy Self: The Guide to Self-Care and Wise Consumerism
© American Institute for Preventive Medicine
 Comments Add your comment 

 About The Author
 
 From Our Friends
 

Home       Wellness       Health A-Z       Alternative Therapies       Find a Practitioner       Wellness Inventory
Healthy Kitchen       Healthy Woman       Healthy Man       Healthy Child       Healthy Aging       Wellness Center       Nutrition Center       Fitness Center
Stevia      Discount Lab Tests      First Aid      Global Health Calendar      Healthy Products       Privacy Policy     Contact Us
Disclaimer: The information provided on HealthWorld Online is for educational purposes only and IS NOT intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Are you ready to embark on a personal wellness journey with our whole person approach?
Learn More/Subscribe
Are you looking to create or enhance a culture of wellness in your organization?
Learn More
Do you want to become a wellness coach?
Learn More
Free Webinar