Heart disease is a common term for coronary artery disease (CAD). It is the number one cause of death in the U.S. in both men and women. With heart disease, arteries that supply blood to the heart become hardened and narrowed. Heart disease can lead to these problems:
Metabolic Syndrome is a group of all of the factors listed below in one person. This makes the risk for heart disease and death very high. It increases the risk for diabetes and stroke, too.
Signs & Symptoms
Heart disease is caused by atherosclerosis. This is the buildup of plaque in the inner walls of the arteries. The plaque is made up of blood platelets, cholesterol, fibrous tissue, and sometimes calcium. The plaque narrows the arteries. This slows or blocks the flow of blood to the heart. Some factors increase the risk of heart disease. The more risk factors; the higher the risk.
Risk Factors That Can't Be Changed
Risk Factors That Can Be Controlled
Other Factors that May Play a Role in Heart Disease
The goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms, control or reduce risk factors, stop or slow further damage to the arteries, and prevent and treat cardiac events. Treatment includes:
Take medicines as prescribed.