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 Fitness and Special Populations: Exercise and Hyperlipidemia  

Work on perfecting exercise form, strength, and
range of motion

The key for making changes in lipid levels is adherence to a regular routine for the first phase of conditioning so that significant reductions in lipid levels may be achieved in a 2-3 month period, and these changes can be maintained over long periods of time (years). With a small weight loss, lipid recductions and hypertention will probably decrease, as well.


1. American College of Sports Medicine. Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. 4th edition. Lea and Febiger. 1991.
2. Kalkoff, RK, Kim, HJ, Cerletty, A, Ferrou, CA. Metabolic effects of weight loss in obese subjects: changes in plasma substrate levels, insulin, and growth hormone responses. Diabetes. 20; 83-91, 1971.
3. Katch, FI, McArdle, WD. Nutrition, Weight Control, and Exercise. (3rd ed.). Lea and Febiger Publishers, Philadelphia, PA, 1988.
4. Olefsky, J. Reaven, GM Farquahar, JW. Effects of weight reduction on obesity: Study of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in normal and hyperproteinemic subjects. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 53;64-76, 1974.
5. Kokkinos, PF, Hurley, Strength training and lipoprotein-lipid profiles: A critical analysis and recommendations for further study. Sports Medicine. 9;5:26672, 1990.
6. Molitch, ME, Oill, P, O;Dell, WD. Massive hyperlipidemia during estrogen therapy. JAMA. 227:522, 1974.
7. Lipid Research Program. The lipid research clinic coronary primary prevention trail results. In: Reduction in incidence of coronary heart disease. JAMA. 251:351-64, 1984.
8. Lopez, SA, et al. Effect of exercise and physical fitness on serum lipids and lipoproteins. Athersclerosis. 20:1-9, 1974.
9. Summary of the Second Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. JAMA. 269:3015-3023, 1993.
10. Gordon, D.J., Rifkind, B.M. High density lipoprotein: The clinical implications or recent studies. New England Journal of Medicine. 321:1311-16, 1989.
11. Wood, P.D., Stefanick, M.L., Williams, P.T., Haskell, W.L. The effects on plasma lipoproteins of a prudent weight-reducing diet, with or without exercise, in overweight men and women. New England Journal of Medicine. 325:461-66, 1991.

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 About The Author
Eric Durak received his Master of Science degree from the University of Michigan in 1986. His research experience is in the application of exercise for special population groups, such as diabetes, high risk pregnancy,......more
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