Join Now!      Login

Whole Person Wellness Program
 
healthy.net Wellness Model
Skip Navigation Links
 
 
FREE NEWSLETTER
   
   
   
 
Health Centers
Key Services
 
Vitamin D Poll
Are you currently taking a Vitamin D supplement?
Yes
No



 
 
 Current Bibliographies in Medicine: Acupuncture: Current Bibliographies in Medicine: Acupuncture 
 
National Institutes of Health ©

Databases found to contain numerous unique bibliographic references:

Allied and Alternative Medicine produced by the British Library, Yorkshire, U.K.
EMBASE® (formerly Excerpta Medica) produced by Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam
Manual, Alternative and Natural TherapyTM (MANTISTM) produced by Action Potential, Inc., Denton, TX
MEDLINE® produced by the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD

Additional databases useful for veterinary literature:

AGRICOLA produced by the National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD
CAB ABSTRACTS produced by CAB International, Wallingford, U.K.

For the purposes of this conference, the term 'acupuncture' has been defined as "stimulation, primarily by the use of solid needles, of traditionally and clinically defined points on and beneath the skin, in an organized fashion for therapeutic and/or preventive purposes." The original acupuncture points (or "acupoints") are specific superficial anatomic locations defined in traditional Asian texts. The skin on or over these points is generally lower in transdermal electrical resistance than the skin surrounding them. There is considerable overlap between these traditional acupoints and points defined by other means in modern physical medicine such as "trigger points," "motor points," or "osteopathic lesions" (among other terms). These points are often palpable subcutaneously as either mild depressions or small and sometimes tender nodules. In traditional Asian medicine these points are stimulated either by puncture and manual manipulation of solid needles or by local heating. Heating is generally accomplished by the burning of dried, powdered Artemisia vulgaris (moxa), referred to as "moxibustion." This moxa is either placed or held just above the acupoint by the acupuncturist (indirect moxibustion), attached to a needle penetrating the point, or applied directly to the skin (direct moxibustion, generally removed prior to causing any detectable skin-burn). In modern times, additional methods of stimulating the acupoints include applications of electric current to needles in the points or skin electrodes over the points, injections into the points, laser-light directed onto the points, or finger-pressure massage of selected points, called "acupressure." In addition, many new points and whole new systems of points have been described on specific body-parts, leading to (for instance) scalp-acupuncture, hand-acupuncture, and ear-acupuncture.

What combination of acupoints are the best points to stimulate in which ways for various clinical problems has been the subject of writing and argument for centuries. Different systems and approaches are associated with various schools of thought and national traditions in Asia and the West. Acupuncture practitioners in European countries such as France, Italy, Germany, and England have evolved their own approaches to the clinical use of acupuncture points in the past century. Some of these are based on approaches popular at different times and places in Asian history, or based on diverse interpretations of traditional Chinese texts, or on different syntheses of material from these texts with the modern information derived from neurology, physiology, information theory, and biophysics. Much of the clinical literature of acupuncture is concerned with descriptions of these various approaches to clinical problems based on different theories or schools of thought. Most of that literature has not been included in this bibliography. While some historical or conceptual pieces have been included for the sake of completeness, the main purpose of this bibliography has been to compile citations of articles containing actual clinical data from defined numbers of human or animal subjects, to help answer the question of whether or not acupoint stimulation had a detectable and useful effect as performed in that particular study.

CONTINUED      Previous   1  2  3  4  5  Next   
 Comments Add your comment 

 
 From Our Friends
 
 
 
Popular & Related Products
 
Popular & Featured Events
Integrative Healthcare Symposium 2015
     February 19-21, 2015
     New York, NY USA
 
Wellness Inventory Certification Training (Level I)
     February 24-May 26, 2015
     Teleclass, CA USA
 
Additional Calendar Links
 
Stevia Products & Info
 
Dimensions of Wellness
Wellness, Intimacy, dimension!

Home       Wellness       Health A-Z       Alternative Therapies       Find a Practitioner       Healthy Products       Bookstore       Wellness Inventory
Healthy Kitchen       Healthy Woman       Healthy Man       Healthy Child       Healthy Aging       Wellness Center       Nutrition Center       Fitness Center
Free Newsletter      What Doctor's Don't Tell You      Stevia.com      Discount Lab Tests      First Aid      Global Health Calendar      Privacy Policy     Contact Us
Disclaimer: The information provided on HealthWorld Online is for educational purposes only and IS NOT intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Are you ready to embark on a personal wellness journey with our whole person approach?
Learn More/Subscribe
Are you looking to create or enhance a culture of wellness in your organization?
Learn More
Do you want to become a wellness coach?
Learn More
Free Webinar