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erbal Medicine
 
Black Cohosh
(Cimicifuga racemosa)

© David L. Hoffmann BSc (Hons), MNIMH

General Description
Black cohosh, a member of the buttercup family, is a tall, perennial herb native to North America. Medicines made from the plant’s root were very popular among Native Americans, and later, European colonists.

Early uses for black cohosh included:

  • women’s health problems
  • menstrual cramps
  • arthritis
  • fatigue
  • snakebite

    Health Benefits
    Today, after decades of clinical studies, black cohosh is recommended by the internationally respected German Commission E (Germany’s equivalent to the Food & Drug Administration in the United States) for the following:

  • menopausal symptoms
  • painful menstruation
  • premenstrual syndrome

    Recent studies have focused primarily on the relief of menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and depression.

    Dosage and Forms
    Black cohosh extracts come in tablet form. The extract should be standardized for 27-deoxyacteine. The standard dosage is 1 or 2 mg of 27-deoxyacteine twice daily.

    Safety
    Black cohosh produces estrogen-like effects, but does not produce actual hormone activity. That means you receive health benefits without the risks associated with hormone therapy.

    In toxicology studies, no birth defect-inducing, mutagenic, or cancer-causing effects have been found with black cohosh extract. Long-term use appears to be safe.

    Black cohosh is not recommended for pregnant or nursing women. Very large doses may cause nausea or dizziness.


    Notes
    Lieberman S: A review of the effectiveness of Cimicifuga racemosa [black cohosh] for the symptoms of menopause. J Womens Health 7[5]:525-529, 1998
    Liske E: Therapeutic efficacy and safety of Cimicifuga racemosa for gynecologic disorders. Adv Ther 15(1):45-53, 1998
    Beuscher N: Cimicifuga racemosa L.—black cohosh. Z Phytotherapie 16:301-310 1995. Reprint in English, Clay A, et al: Quart Rev Nat Med Spring 19-27, Spring 1996

    Copyright 2000, Impakt Communications, Inc.
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    About The Author
    Whilst working in conservation and lecturing in ecology and the eco-crisis for the University of Wales, David Hoffman became convinced that to heal the world, to embrace planetary wholeness and responsibility for it with hope, he as an individual had to be whole within himself....more
     
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