In his work with athletes, Arkady Koltun, M.D., Ph. D., a former Soviet sports scientist states, "Information gathered from Siberian scientific research institutions demonstrated that using antler extracts on athletes exhibited neurotropic (nerve growth) benefits as well as myotropic (muscle tissue growth) effects. Using this substance enhances innervation for skeletal tissues, important for maximal athletic output. Soviet research also shows that nervous system depression after exhaustion restored much quicker".
As a proven booster of the immune system, circulatory system, and endocrine system, antler extracts have been contributing to great health for centuries. Recently, antler use has penetrated Western nutritional and medicinal sciences. The applications on athletes has established a reputation as a natural and safe performance enhancing substance that is (currently) not in jeopardy from any IOC ban.
Antler use is beneficial for both strength and endurance athletes...for both anaerobic and aerobic systems respectively. Antler contains the bioactive constituents that exhibit myotropic and neurotropic properties while at the same time, benefits the central nervous and circulatory systems. In fact, Oriental doctors use antler extracts to increase hemoglobin and blood volume. With an increase in circulatory fluid, more efficient oxygen utilization results in greater endurance.